हमारा समस्त जीवन मानों प्रतिबिम्ब को देखने में ही बीतता है और मानों हम लोग उसी से संतुष्ट हैं । प्रत्येक वस्तु हमें किसी अन्य का स्मरण कराती है । किसी तत्व का विवरण देने के लिए हम किसी दूसरे तत्व का ही आधार लेते हैं । हरिणि से नेत्र, सिंह के सदृश कटि आदि । क्या हम बिना किसी उपमा के किसी वस्तु को उसी के रूप में, यथार्थ रूप में नहीं देख सकते ? यानी पर्वत को पर्वत के ही जैसे, रोटी को रोटी के ही जैसे, सूर्य को सूर्य के ही जैसे । बिना अलंकार के, बिना भ्रांति की रचना किए, जो समक्ष स्पष्ट रूप से विद्यमान है, क्या उसका निरूपण कर सकते हैं ?

photo credit: Anvica Espejo, espejito mágico ¿Qué nube es la más hermosa? via photopin (license)

13 thoughts on “प्रतिच्छाया

  1. Learnography

    Each object is reflected in brain imaging and our whole life passed in observing these reflections. We are chasing the images of surroundings by following the fear and reward systems of brain thinking. Each image is identified by the spectrum of object definition and the formatting patterns of our knowledge. Thank you very much.
    Twitter : @Learnography

  2. pranju

    We are judgemental beings. We love taking in the relative values of objects. Who cares about the absolute weight of oxygen, but we do know the relative weight of it in terms of the hydrogen atom. You have raised a fundamental philosophical point. Loved reading it.

    1. Amit Misra Post author

      Thank you Sir!

      What you are saying is relativity of measurement. But that is yet far off and not related to the issue at hand. Here we are merely concerned with usage of metaphors and similes. I had written this short note as literary criticism.

      Please note that metaphors and similes are not same as relativity. The relativity of measurement process, that you mention, holds true in case of similar quantities. In other words, there must be dimensional consistency, For example, we can compare speed of two trains, heights of two men, intelligence of two girls, or weights of oxygen and hydrogen. Yes, that is how measurements of length, mass and time are given a ‘unit’. However, metaphors and similes nearly always ignore this dimensional consistency; so relativity is not a justification there.

      This feature is most striking when we compare contemporary and classic Indian literature. Earlier metaphors and similes were extensively used to describe nature and emotions. However, nowadays, writers prefer to do away with metaphors and simply talk in absolute, direct and accurate words, so that they may focus on the emotional/philosophical aspects of their writing. In my personal opinion, it is a positive development 🙂

      1. pranju

        Thanks a lot for the clarification. Of course, metaphors and relativity are two different things all together when taken into account the basis of unit of dimension that is being compared. One cannot compare apples with oranges and thus the issue of human beings judgmental should not always be based on the concept of relativity. We more often than not try to compare a fish with a bird. Your explanation is beautiful. Thanks again.

  3. Rekha Sahay

    उपमा और तुलना हमारी आदत में शामिल होता है. शायद इसलिये क्योंकि बचपन से इन्ही तुलनात्मक Concept से बाते सीखाई जाती है.

    1. Amit Misra Post author

      इस विषय का मनोवैज्ञानिक परिप्रेक्ष्य तो आप बेहतर समझती हैं 🙂

      हाँ, शायद यह सिखाया हुआ ज्ञान ही है । शायद इसलिए क्योंकि तुलना करने से किसी वस्तु / पदार्थ के स्वरुप की कल्पना करना और उसे समझना आसान हो जाता है ।


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